Submission ID 77947

Code OC-5-6
At the end of this workshop, participants will be able to:
Category Medical Education
Type Oral
Will the presenter be a: Student
Title A Positive Change in Medical Student's Attitude After an Indigenous Health Curriculum
Background/Purpose The longitudinal curriculum on Indigenous health of the medicine program at Université de Montréal was created in 2019 and consists of 5 lectures, one simulation activity and two clinical vignettes over 4 years. The goal of this study was to measure the impact of this curriculum during one year on student's attitudes towards Indigenous People.
Methods Medical students completed two validated scales on old fashioned (O-PATAS) and modern (M-PATAS) prejudice toward Indigenous People. Data was collected at four moments in the curriculum: before training (T0), after two lectures (T1- 1 week after T0), after a few months and before a simulation activity (T2) and lastly after the simulation (T3). One-way ANOVAs were used to compare scores at different times.
Results Overall, 182 participants were included in the study. There was a significant reduction of prejudices as measured by the O-PATAS, with a large effect size (F3,172= 13.45, P ˂ 0.001, ηp2= 0.19). Tukey post-hoc analyses showed a significant reduction at T1 (p=0.003), T2 (p ˂ 0.001) and T3 (p ˂ 0.001). There was a signification reduction of prejudices as measured by the M-PATAS, with a moderate effect size (F3,172= 6.48, P ˂ 0.001, ηp2= 0.10). Tukey post-hoc analyses showed a significant reduction at T1 (p=0.01) and T3 (p=0.002), but not at T2 (p = 0.11).
Discussion Our results suggest that the longitudinal curriculum creates a positive change in attitude towards Indigenous people that is maintained through time. Further studies will be required to see if some activities have a larger impact than others.
Keyword 1 Indigenous
Keyword 2 Curriculum
Keyword 3 Attitude
Abstract content most relevant to: (check all that apply) Undergraduate Medical Education
Abstract Track - First Choice Curriculum
Curriculum Evaluation
Authors Catherine St-Louis
Catherine St-Louis
Christophe Moderie
Anne-Sophie Thommeret-Carrière
Jean-Michel Leduc

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